滑雪受伤怎么办?3个骨折应急处理方法

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边江 发表于 2017-4-19 16:36:10 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
滑雪是项非常有趣的运动,但由于它有一定的不可控性,所以危险系数也比较高。每次滑雪前,我们都建议大家做好安全保护措施,包括戴好护具、多人一起出行、记住雪场救援队的联系方式等。不过意外总是难以避免。据悉,冲撞和摔倒是滑雪者受伤的主要原因,而小腿、手臂、和肋骨则是严重受灾部位。那么今天,我们就给大家介绍一下针对这三个部位的骨折的紧急处理办法,让大家可以在救援队未到或无法到达时尽快缓解伤痛、避免造成不可逆转的损伤。1手臂骨折主要原因:摔倒时以手撑地 16955-401f72d0aea0e6d6be18775065d80c35.jpg
前臂骨折:先将三角巾将伤肢悬挂胸前,后用三角巾将伤肢固定于胸廓。
上臂骨折:先用三角巾将伤肢固定于胸廓,再用三角巾将伤肢悬挂胸前。
我们的秋衣是三角巾最好的替代品。把秋衣放平,用下方两个衣角分别与相应衣袖上端(衣服腋下处)系在一起用于固定伤臂,再将秋衣两个袖子系起来套于脖子上很将伤臂固定吊起即可。
2锁骨骨折主要原因:摔倒时肩部先着地 16955-5a4a2336db987dc9bb22b288a66ed7a6.jpg
固定方法:挺胸,双肩向后,两侧腋下放置棉垫,用两块三角巾分别绕肩两周打结,然后将三角结在一起,前臂屈曲用三角巾固定于胸前。
同样三角巾可用秋衣代替,腋下放置棉垫可将手套、护脸等塞进帽子中代替。

16955-b8a7c68831afb5132b8406bfc4fad3e2.jpg
夹板固定法:我们可以基于三角巾固定法,将我们双板滑雪者的雪杖放于背后肩甲骨上,骨折处垫上棉垫,这样有助于固定,以免肩部的用力再次造成伤害。
3小腿骨折主要原因:人与人或人与物的冲撞
固定方法:将夹板放置于骨折小腿外侧,骨折突出部分要加垫,然后用绳子固定伤口上下两端和膝、踝两关节(8字形固定踝关节),夹板顶端再固定。
这里我们的夹板可以用滑雪板和滑雪杖来代替,绳子可以用腰带或是秋衣来代替。伤口处的固定最好选用腰带,便于固定,固定好后最好不要移动受伤者,原地等待救援。
另外注意:如果你的小伙伴不幸受伤,请把雪板以X型插在雪地里,通知救护人员。
16955-9c9f7791851f7e1f91051b6748c6b4ec.jpg
以上就是我们滑雪过程中常见的三种骨折形的处理方法了,方便没有急救经验的人上手处理。注意处理过程中一定要慢、要小心、细心,注意避免伤口的感染,如遇更严重的大腿骨折、颈部骨折、脊柱骨折等等,那我们只能建议小伙伴们一同做好雪道的疏通工作,尽量减少受伤者的移动,等待专业的工作人员前来救援。当然,我们还是愿大家一切安好,健康快乐滑雪啦!
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